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汇总当前最主流的生物脱氮工艺

文章出处:绿创环境 人气: 发表时间:2020-02-28 17:46

01

前言

  WUSHUICHULIXINGYECONGYEZHEDUIWUSHUITUODANYOUSHUXIYOUTOUTENG。SHUOSHUXI,SHIYINWEIXIANJIEDUANJUEDADUOSHUDEWUSHUICHULISHESHIZHONGDOUHUIJIARUJUYOUANDANJIZONGDANQUCHUDEGONGNENGDANYUAN;SHUOTOUTENG,ZESHIYINWEIHENDUOXIANYOUSHESHIDEDANSUQUCHUXIAOGUOWUFAMANZUGEDIQUYUFAYANGEDEPAIFANGBIAOZHUNXIANZHI。KAOLVDAOYIXINGXING、JINGJIXINGDENGYINSU,GUONEIWAIWUSHUICHULIZHONGDUIYUDANSUWURANWUDEQUCHUPUBIANCAIYONGJIYUSHENGWUFADECHULIGONGYI。CHULECHUANTONGDEXIAOHUA - FANXIAOHUALILUNWAI,JINNIANLAITUPOCHANGGUIRENZHIDESHENGWUTUODANXINLILUNYEBUDUANCHUXIAN,ZAIHUANBAOZHANHUIZHONG,LIUZIYANGFANXIAOHUA、YANYANGANYANGHUADENGTUODANXINJISHUDOUFEICHANGXIYINYANQIU。BENWENZHUYAOJIESHAOCHUANTONGSHENGWUTUODANGUOCHENGJIXINXINGSHENGWUTUODANGUOCHENGDEJIBENLILUN,ZHIZAIBANGZHUDAJIAGENGHAODILIJIESHENGWUTUODANGUOCHENG。

02

传统生物脱氮过程

2.1 传统生物脱氮过程简介

  MUQIANZAIGONGCHENGSHIJIANZHONGYINGYONGZUIGUANGFANDECHUANTONGSHENGWUTUODANGUOCHENGZHUYAOBAOHANHAOYANGXIAOHUA - QUEYANGFANXIAOHUALIANGBUFENZUCHENG,QIGUOCHENGRUTU 1 SUOSHI。JINSHUIZHONGDANBAIZHIDENGYOUJIDANJINGGUOANHUAXIJUNDETUOANZUOYONGZHUANHUAWEIANDAN,SUIHOUANDANZAIHAOYANGTIAOJIANXIAYOUZIYANGXINGDEYAXIAOHUAXIJUNHEXIAOHUAXIJUNZHUJIANYANGHUAWEIYAXIAOSUANYANDANHEXIAOSUANYANDAN,XIAOSUANYANDANZAIQUEYANGTIAOJIANXIAYOUYIYANGXINGDEFANXIAOHUAXIJUNHAIYUANWEIYAXIAOSUANYANDAN,BINGJIXUHAIYUANWEIYIYANGHUADAN、YIYANGHUAERDANJIDANQIDENGQITILIKAIXITONGWANCHENGTUODAN。

  YOUTU 1 KEZHI,JINSHUIZHONGDANSUZAISHENGWUCHULIGUOCHENGZHONGJINGLILEYOUDUOZHONGBUTONGXIJUNCANYUDEZHUANHUAGUOCHENG,YOUYUXIJUNSHISHENGWUZHUANHUADE “ZHIXINGZHE”,JIARUHUANJINGTIAOJIANDUIYUFUZEMOUXIANGGONGNENGDEXIJUNBULI,NEIMEZHEIYIBUFENZHUANHUAGUOCHENGJIUKENENGCHUXIANWENTI。ZAIGONGCHENGZHONGWEIGAISHANSHENGHUAXITONGTUODANXINGNENG,DIAOSHIRENYUANDADUOHUICONGRONGJIEYANGHANLIANG、YOUJIWUHANLIANG、JIANDUJIHUANJINGTIAOJIANCHONGJIDENGJIFANGMIANRUSHOU。QISHI,ZAIZHEIXIEHONGGUANCANSHUDEDIAOJIEBEIHOU,JISHURENYUANSUOZUODEYIQIEDOUSHIWEILEGENGHAODIMANZUTUODANGUOCHENGZHONGBUTONGWEISHENGWUDESHENGZHANGDAIXIETEDIAN,JIANDANLAISHUOJIUSHI “TOUQISUOHAO”。YINCI,JIEJIANZHEIYIWEISHENGWUSHIJIAODUIWUSHUICHULISHENGHUAXITONGJINXINGFENXI,WEIZHIXINGTEDINGGONGNENGDEWEISHENGWUTIGONGGENGHAODESHENGZHANGDAIXIETIAOJIAN,JIUKEYIBANGZHUWOMENGENGHAODISHIXIANGAOXIAOTUODAN。

2.2 传统生物脱氮细菌特点

  BENWENJIANDANZONGJIECHUANTONGSHENGWUTUODANBUTONGGONGNENGWEISHENGWUDETEDIANRUTU 2 SUOSHI,GONGDAJIACANKAO。ZAISHIJIANZHONG,DAJIAKEGENJUZHENDUIDUIXIANGJIGONGNENGJUNQUNJUNDETEDIAN,TONGGUOCANSHUDIAOJIECUJINNEIXIEWOMENSUOXUYAODEWEISHENGWUDELIANGHAOSHENGZHANGDAIXIE。

  YOUTU 2 KEZHI,ANHUAXIJUNKEYILIYONGYOUJIWUHUOQUNENGLIANGBINGJINXINGSHENGZHANGDAIXIE,QIEQIZAIHAOYANGHEQUEYANGHUANJINGDOUKESHENGZHANG,ZHEIXIETEDIANSHIDEANHUAXIJUNSHENGZHANGXUNSU、FENBUGUANGFAN,ZAISHENGHUAXITONGZHONGHENSHAOCHENGWEIWENTISUOZAI。YINCI,WOMENZHUYAOTANTAOYAXIAOHUAJUN、XIAOHUAJUNHEFANXIAOHUAJUN。

2.2.1 亚硝化菌

  YAXIAOHUAJUNZHUYAOCANYUXITONGZHONGANDANBEIYANGHUAWEIYAXIAOSUANYANDEGUOCHENG,SHISHENGHUAXITONGZHONGANDANQUCHUDEZHUYAOGONGNENGJUN。CONGWEISHENGWUXUEJIAODULAIKAN,YAXIAOHUAXIJUNSHIYILEIZAIHAOYANGTIAOJIANLIYONGWUJITANYUANHECHENGZISHENJUNTI、LIYONGYANGHUAANDANSHIFANGNENGLIANGDEHUANENG (NENGLIANGLAIYUAN)- HAOYANG (RONGYANGYAOQIU)- ZIYANG (TANYUANLEIXING) XIJUN。

  ZHENDUITANYUANLEIXING,YAXIAOHUAJUNXUYAOLIYONGWUJITANYUANJINXINGHECHENGDAIXIE,YAXIAOHUAXIJUNSHENGZHANGHUANMAN,ZAISHENGHUAXITONGZHONGSUOZHANZONGLIANGJIAOXIAO,YINCIQIDUIYUWAIJIEHUANJINGYINGXIANGJIAOWEIMINGAN,DIWENHUANJING、FUHECHONGJI、DUWULIURU、WUNILIUSHIDENGBULIANGTIAOJIANJUNKENENGDAOZHIYAXIAOHUAJUNHUOXINGXIAJIANG,SHIDEXITONGCHUXIANANDANQUCHULVDI,CHUSHUIANDANPIANGAODEXIANXIANG;ZHENDUINENGLIANGLAIYUANHERONGYANGYAOQIU,YAXIAOHUAJUNTONGGUOZAIHAOYANGHUANJINGXIAYANGHUAANDANHUOQUHUAXUENENGGONGJIZISHENDESHENGZHANGDAIXIE,YINCICHONGZUDERONGJIEYANGYIJISHIYIDEANDANNONGDUSHIWEICHIYAXIAOHUAJUNLIANGHAOSHENGZHANGDEBIXUTIAOJIAN。CIWAI,YOUYUYAXIAOHUAGUOCHENGHUIDAOZHIXITONGJIANDUXIAJIANG,ERYAXIAOHUAJUNDEZUISHI pH ZHIFANWEIYUEWEIZAI 7.0-7.5,YINCIYINGZHUYIPUQICHI pH ZHI,BIMIAN pH ZHIGUODIDAOZHIYAXIAOHUAJUNHUOXINGXIAJIANG,ANDANQUCHUBUJIA。

2.2.2 硝化菌

  XIAOHUAJUNZHUYAOCANYUXITONGZHONGYAXIAOSUANYANBEIYANGHUAWEIXIAOSUANYANDEGUOCHENG,QIYUYAXIAOHUAXIJUNJINGCHANGCHUXIANZAIXIANGJINQUYU,TEDIANYEJIAOWEIXIANGSI。CONGWEISHENGWUXUEJIAODULAIKAN,XIAOHUAXIJUNSHIYILEIZAIHAOYANGTIAOJIANLIYONGWUJITANYUANHECHENGZISHENJUNTI、LIYONGYANGHUAYAXIAOSUANYANSHIFANGNENGLIANGDEHUANENG (NENGLIANGLAIYUAN)- HAOYANG (RONGYANGYAOQIU)- ZIYANG (TANYUANLEIXING) XIJUN。

  ZHENDUITANYUANLEIXING,XIAOHUAJUNXUYAOLIYONGWUJITANYUANJINXINGHECHENGDAOZHIQISHENGZHANGHUANMAN,ZAISHENGHUAXITONGZHONGSUOZHANZONGLIANGJIAOXIAO,YINCIQIDUIYUWAIJIEHUANJINGYINGXIANGJIAOWEIMINGAN,DIWENHUANJING、FUHECHONGJI、DUWULIURU、WUNILIUSHIDENGBULIANGTIAOJIANJUNKENENGDAOZHIXIAOHUAJUNHUOXINGXIAJIANG,SHIDEHAOYANGCHIZHONGCHUXIANYAXIAOSUANYANJILEIDEXIANXIANG;ZHENDUINENGLIANGLAIYUANHERONGYANGYAOQIU,XIAOHUAJUNTONGGUOZAIHAOYANGHUANJINGXIAYANGHUAYAXIAOSUANYANHUOQUHUAXUENENGGONGJIZISHENDESHENGZHANGDAIXIE,YINCICHONGZUDERONGJIEYANGYIJISHIYIDEYAXIAOSUANYANNONGDU (ZHUYAOLAIZIYUANDANBEIYANGHUASHENGCHENGDEYAXIAOSUANYAN) SHIWEICHIXIAOHUAJUNLIANGHAOSHENGZHANGDEBIXUTIAOJIAN。CIWAI,YOUYUXIAOHUAGUOCHENGHUIDAOZHIXITONGJIANDUXIAJIANG,ERXIAOHUAJUNDEZUISHI pH ZHIFANWEIYUEWEIZAI 7.0-8.0,YINCIYINGZHUYIPUQICHI pH ZHI,BIMIAN pH ZHIGUODIDAOZHIXIAOHUAJUNHUOXINGXIAJIANG。

2.2.3 反硝化菌

  FANXIAOHUAJUNZHUYAOCANYUXITONGZHONGXIAOSUANYANJIYAXIAOSUANYANBEIHAIYUANDEGUOCHENG,SHISHENGHUAXITONGZHONGXIAOSUANYANDANQUCHUDEZHUYAOGONGNENGJUN。CONGWEISHENGWUXUEJIAODULAIKAN,CHANGGUIDEFANXIAOHUAXIJUNSHIYILEIZAIQUEYANGTIAOJIANLIYONGYOUJITANYUANHECHENGZISHENJUNTI、LIYONGYANGHUAYOUJIWUSHIFANGNENGLIANGDEHUANENG - QUEYANG - YIYANGXIJUN。ZAIFANXIAOHUAGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUJIWUCHONGDANGDIANZIGONGTI,XIAOSUANYANCHONGDANGDIANZISHOUTI,ZAIDIANZICHUANDIGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUJIWUSHIQUDIANZIBEIYANGHUA,XIAOSUANYANDEDAODIANZIBEIHAIYUAN,HUAXUENENGBEISHIFANGYONGYUWEISHENGWUDEHECHENGJIQITASHENGMINGHUODONG。

  YOUYUFANXIAOHUAJUNKEYILIYONGYOUJITANYUAN,QISHENGZHANGJIAOKUAI,WUSHUICHULIZHONGSHENGHUAXITONGWUNIPUBIANCUNZAIDALIANGFANXIAOHUAXIJUN,ZHANJUJIAODADESHENGWULIANGBILI。YINCI,WEILECUJINXIAOSUANYANZAIFANXIAOHUAGUOCHENGZHONGBEIQUCHU,CHONGZUDEYOUJITANYUAN、LIANGHAODEQUEYANGHUANJINGSHIBIBUKESHAODE。YOUJITANYUANFANGMIAN,JINSHUITIGONGDEYOUJIWUDEKESHENGHUAXING (BOD/COD BILI) HEHANLIANG (BOD/TN BILI) DUOYONGYUPANDUANYOUJIWUTANYUANSHIFOUSHIYIBINGZUGOUXITONGYONGYUTUODANQUCHU。RONGJIEYANGFANGMIAN,YOUYUHAOYANGTIAOJIANXIAYANGQIHUIQUDAIXIAOSUANYANCHONGDANGXIJUNDIANZICHUANDIZHONGDEDIANZISHOUTI,DAOZHIFANXIAOHUAWUFASHUNLIJINXING,TONGSHIHAOYANGXIAFANXIAOHUAXIJUNYONGYUFANXIAOHUADEXIAOSUANYANHAIYUANMEIJIXIANGGUANMEIXIHUISHOUDAOYIZHI,YEDAOZHIFANXIAOHUAWUFAJINXING。

03

新型生物脱氮过程

  CHUANTONGSHENGWUTUODANLILUNJILEIDUONIAN,BINGZAIGONGCHENGSHIJIANZHONGGUANGFANYINGYONG,DANYECUNZAIYIXIEBUZU。YOUYUCHUANTONGTUODANZHONGXIAOHUAYUFANXIAOHUAGUOCHENGDUIYURONGJIEYANGYUYOUJIWUXUQIUBUTONG,ZHEIDAOZHIXIAOHUAYUFANXIAOHUAHENNANZAISHIJIANYUKONGJIANSHANGWANQUANTONGBUFASHENGZAITONGYIHUANJINGNEI,RUHENENGGOUJIANSHAOWAIJIATANYUANDETOUJIA、SUODUANTUODANGUOCHENGLIUCHENG、JIANGDIGOUZHUWUZHANDIYIZHISHIYANJIUREMEN。ZAIYANJIURENYUANDUISHENGWUTUODANZHONGWULIAOSHOUHENG、NENGLIANGDAIXIEDENGFANGMIANDECHIXUGUANZHUXIA,YIXIEXIANGDUIXINYINGDESHENGWUTUODANGUOCHENGZHUJIANBEITICHUBINGWANSHAN,JIEXIALAIBENWENJIANGDUIJIZHONGCHANGJIANXINXINGSHENGWUTUODANGUOCHENGJINXINGJIANDANJIESHAO。

3.1 新型生物脱氮汇总

  JINNIANLAI,DUANCHENGXIAOHUA、YANYANGANYANGHUA、HAOYANGFANXIAOHUADENGXINXINGSHENGWUTUODANGUOCHENGZHUJIANYINQIRENMENZHUYI,TU 3 HUIZONGLEJINNIANLAICHANGJIANXINXINGSHENGWUTUODANLILUN。BIAOHONGCHUSHIGAIXIANGXINXINGSHENGWUTUODANGUOCHENGYUCHUANTONGSHENGWUTUODANGUOCHENGDEQUBIESUOZAI。

3.2 厌氧氨氧化 VS 好氧氨氧化

  CHUANTONGSHENGWUTUODANZHONG,ANYANGHUA (JIYAXIAOHUA) GUOCHENGWEIHAOYANGGUOCHENG,XIJUNXUYAORONGJIEYANGZUOWEIDIANZISHOUTISHIXIANANDANDEYANGHUA。CONG 1989 NIANOUZHOUKEXUEJIAZAIYANYANGFANYINGQIZHONGFAXIANLEYANYANGANYANGHUAXIANXIANGQI,YUELAIYUEDUODEYANYANGANYANGHUAYANJIUBAOGAOTUOZHANLEWOMENDUIYUSHENGWUTUODANDERENZHIFANWEI。CHULEWUSHUICHULI,YANYANGANYANGHUAHAIBEIFAXIANCUNZAIYUDIQIUSHANGDEDUOZHONGZIRANHUANJING,QIDUIYUDIQIUFANWEINEIDANSUXUNHUANDEGONGXIANBURONGHUSHI。

  YANYANGANYANGHUAXIJUNKEYIZAIYANYANGHUANJINGXIAYIANDANWEIDIANZIGONGTI、YIYAXIAOSUANYANWEIDIANZISHOUTI,CHANSHENGDANQIHESHAOLIANGXIAOSUANYAN。YOUYUYANYANGANYANGHUAJUNYIBANCHENGXIANHONGSE,YINCIYECHANGCHANGBEICHENGWEI “HONGJUN”。YANYANGANYANGHUAJUNSHIZIYANGWEISHENGWU,YIERYANGHUATANDENGWUJIWUWEITANYUANJINXINGZISHENSHENGZHANGHECHENG。YOUYUYANYANGANYANGHUAWUXUHAOYANGPUQITIAOJIANYUYOUJITANYUAN,QIZAIPUQINENGHAOXUEJIANYUYOUJITANYUANJIEYUEFANGMIANYOUZHEXIANZHUYOUSHI,YINCIJINNIANLAIYANYANGANYANGHUACHENGWEIFAZHANZUIXUNMENGDEXINXINGTUODANLILUNZHIYI。YOUYUXUYAOYAXIAOSUANYANZUOWEIDIANZISHOUTI,YANYANGANYANGHUACHANGYUDUANCHENGXIAOHUAJIEHE,TONGGUODUANCHENGXIAOHUAJIANGBUFENANDANYANGHUAWEIYAXIAOSUANYAN,BINGYUSHENGYUANDANJINXINGYANYANGANYANGHUAFANYING。

  ZAIGONGYISHEJIZHONG,DUANCHENGXIAOHUAYUYANYANGANYANGHUAGUOCHENGKEZAITONGYIGONGDUANJINXING,YEKEFENWEILIANGDUANJINXING。MUQIANYANYANGANYANGHUAJISHUZAIGUONEIWAIYIYOUZHONGSHINAIZHISHIJIGUIMOYUNXINGANLI,XIANGBIYUZHULIUYANYANGANYANGHUA (WUSHUICHULIDEZHUXIANLIUCHENG),WUSHUICHULICHANGDECELIU (WUNICHULIZHONGDEXIAOJIEYE) YANYANGANYANGHUACHULIFAZHANJIAOKUAI,ZHEISHIYOUYUCELIUYANYANGANYANGHUAGUOCHENGZHONGYOUJIWUNONGDU、ANDANNONGDU、WENDUDENGXIANGGUANYINSUJIAOWEILIXIANG,ERZHULIUGUOCHENGZHONGZECUNZAIJIAODUOBULIYUYANYANGANYANGHUADETIAOJIAN,YINCIZHULIUYANYANGANYANGHUADEKUODAYUTUIGUANGRENGCUNZAIBUSHAOJISHUWENTIYOUDAIJIEJUE。CIWAI,JIYUKELIWUNIJISHUDEDUANCHENGXIAOHUA - YANYANGANYANGHUAJISHUYESHIYANJIUREMEN。

3.3 短程硝化 VS 全程硝化

  CHUANTONGXIAOHUAGUOCHENGSHICONGANDANDAOYAXIAOSUANYANZAIDAOXIAOSUANYANDEQUANCHENGXIAOHUA,ERDUANCHENGXIAOHUAYIBANZHIDAICONGANDANDAOYAXIAOSUANYANZHEIYIGUOCHENG。YOUYUANDANHEYAXIAOSUANYANDEHAOYANGZHUANHUADOUXUYAOXIAOHAORONGJIEYANG,DUANCHENGXIAOHUAXIANGBIYUQUANCHENGXIAOHUAKEYIJIEYUEPUQIDEDIANNENGXIAOHAO。MUQIAN,DUANCHENGXIAOHUAZHUYAOCUNZAILIANGZHONGZHUYAOYANJIUFANGXIANG,QIYISHIYUYANYANGANYANGHUAOULIAN,YOUDUANCHENGXIAOHUAWEIYANYANGANYANGHUAZHONGTIGONGYAXIAOSUANYANLAIYUAN,QIERSHIYUDUANCHENGFANXIAOHUAOULIAN,SHIXIANDANSUDEZUIZHONGQUCHU。DUANCHENGXIAOHUADESHIXIANZHUYAOYIKAOXUANZEXINGYIZHIXIAOHUAJUNHUOXING,JISHUYUANLIZAIYUYAXIAOHUAJUNYUXIAOHUAJUNDUIYUYIXIEHUANJINGYINSUDENAISHOUNENGLIBUTONG,RONGJIEYANG、pH ZHI、WENDU、YOULIANDENGYINSUDOUYIBEIYANJIUYONGYIXUANZEXINGYIZHIXIAOHUAJUN,YISHIXIANDUANCHENGXIAOHUA。XIANJIEDUANDUANCHENGXIAOHUADEZHUYAOJISHUWENTIZAIYU:RUHEZAIBUTONGHUANJINGXIA (WENDU、YOUJIWUHANLIANGDENGYINSU) SHIXIANDUIYUANDANDAOYAXIAOSUANYANZHEIYIZHUANHUAGUOCHENGDEZHANGQIWENDINGWEICHI。

3.4 好氧反硝化 VS 缺氧反硝化

  CHUANTONGSHENGWUTUODANLILUNZHONG,FANXIAOHUAGUOCHENGXUYAOZAIQUEYANGHUANJINGXIAJINXING,ERJINNIANLAIBUDUANYOUXINJUNZHUBEIFAXIANJUYOUZAIHAOYANGHUANJINGXIAJINXINGXIAOSUANYANHAIYUANDENENGLI,ZHEILEIJUNZHUBEICHENGWEIHAOYANGFANXIAOHUAJUN,TAMENKEYIZAIHAOYANGTIAOJIANXIATONGBUQUCHUXIAOSUANYANYUYOUJIWU,BINGKETONGGUOTONGHUAHUOYIYANGXIAOHUAZUOYONGQUCHUANDAN。HAOYANGFANXIAOHUAJUNDECHUXIAN,SHIDEZAIHAOYANGHUANJINGXIAJINXINGTONGBUXIAOHUA - FANXIAOHUAGUOCHENGCHENGWEIKENENG。

  HAOYANGFANXIAOHUAXIJUNZHISUOYINENGZAIHAOYANGHUANJINGXIAJINXINGFANXIAOHUA,KENENGSHIYOUYUXIJUNNEIBUHANYOUZAIYOUYANGHUANJINGXIANENGGOUZHENGCHANGBIAODADEYUTUODANXIANGGUANDEMEIXITONG (MEISHIWEISHENGWUZHUANHUADANSUDESHIJI “ZHIXINGZHE”,WEISHENGWUTINEIMEIDEHUOXINGJUEDINGLEXIANGDUIYINGDEGONGNENGFAHUIQINGKUANG),RUZHOUZHIXIAOSUANYANHAIYUANMEIDENG;CIWAIZAIWUNIXUTIHUOSHENGWUMOZHONGRONGJIEYANGDETIDUBIANHUAYEKENENGCUJINLEHAOYANGFANXIAOHUADEJINXING。MUQIANYIYOUDALIANGHAOYANGFANXIAOHUAXIJUNBEISHAIXUANJIANDINGBINGKAOCHAXIANGGUANTUODANXINGNENG,CAIYONGHAOYANGFANXIAOHUAXIJUNZUOWEIJUNZHONGLAIYUANDEWEISHENGWUJUNJIYEZHUJIANCHUXIAN,RANERHAOYANGFANXIAOHUALILUNRENGXUBUDUANWANSHAN,QIZHUNQUEJILIRENGZAITANSUOZHONG,TONGSHI,GUANYUHAOYANGTIAOJIANDEZHUNQUEJIEDINGYEXUYAOJINYIBUTANTAO。

3.5 自养反硝化 VS 异养反硝化

  CHUANTONGFANXIAOHUAGUOCHENGXUYAOYIYOUJIWUZUOWEIDIANZIGONGTIJITANYUANYIGONGXIJUNHUOQUNENGLIANGBINGHECHENGZISHENJUNTI,ZHEIXIEFANXIAOHUAXIJUNSHUYUYIYANGXINGXIJUN。QISHI,FANXIAOHUADEBENZHIZAIYUXIJUNZAIHAIYUANXIAOSUANYANDEGUOCHENGZHONGHUOQUNENGLIANG,XIJUNBINGBUZAIYIZHEIGEGUOCHENGJIAOSHENME,TAMENXIANGYAOHUOQUDEZHISHIFANYINGGUOCHENGZHONGSHIFANGDEHUAXUENENG,ZHIYUXIAOSUANYANBIANWEIDANQIZHISHIHUOQUNENGLIANGZHONGDEFUCHANWU。YINCI,ZAIZIYANGFANXIAOHUAGUOCHENGZHONG,ZIYANGXIJUNCAIYONGWUJIWUZUOWEIDIANZIGONGTI,JIANGXIAOSUANYANHAIYUANBINGCONGZHONGHUOQUHUAXUENENGLIANGYONGYUHECHENGJIQITASHENGMINGHUODONG。

  XIANGBIYUYIYANGFANXIAOHUA,ZIYANGFANXIAOHUABUXUYAOYOUJIWUZUOWEITANYUANHENENGYUAN,YINCIJIAOWEISHIHEYONGYUDITANDANBIFEISHUIHUODIYOUJIWUNONGDUFEISHUIDETUODANGUOCHENG。MUQIAN,YIFAXIANKEYIZUOWEIZIYANGFANXIAOHUADIANZIGONGTIDEWUZHIBAOKUOQINGQI、LIU、LIULIZI、LIUHUAQING、LIUDAILIUSUANYAN、YALIUSUANYAN、LIUQINGSUANYAN、ERJIATIE、LINGJIATIE、ERJIAMENGDENG。KAOLVDAOZIYANGFANXIAOHUAJUNDEGONGNENGJUNWEIZIYANGJUN,RUHEKUAISUGAOXIAODIHUODEDALIANGZIYANGFANXIAOHUAJUN,BINGJIANGQIZHANGQIWENDINGCUNLIUYUSHENGHUAXITONGZHONGSHIZIYANGFANXIAOHUANENGFOUJINYIBUFAZHANDEGUANJIANJISHUWENTI。

3.6 短程反硝化 VS 全程反硝化

  CHUANTONGSHENGWUTUODANZHONGFANXIAOHUAYIBANBAOKUOCONGXIAOSUANYANDAODANQIDEQUANCHENGFANXIAOHUAGUOCHENG,ERDUANCHENGFANXIAOHUAZEKELIJIEWEIQUANCHENGFANXIAOHUAGUOCHENGZHONGDEYIBUFEN,JUTINANGKUOGUOCHENGZEGENJUXUYAOERDING。YOUYUFANXIAOHUAGUOCHENGSHIDIANZIGONGTI,KAOLVDAOCHANGJIANYIYANGFANXIAOHUADEDIANZIGONGTIWEIYOUJIWU,DUANCHENGFANXIAOHUAXIANGBIYUQUANCHENGFANXIAOHUASUOXUYAODEDIANZIGONGTIGENGSHAO,YINCIKEYIYOUXIAOJIANSHAOTANYUANXIAOHAO。MUQIAN,DUANCHENGFANXIAOHUAZHUYAOCUNZAILIANGZHONGZHUYAOYANJIUFANGXIANG,QIYISHIYUYANYANGANYANGHUAOULIAN,TONGGUOBAOCHIXIAOSUANYANHAIYUANDAOYAXIAOSUANYANWEIYANYANGANYANGHUATIGONGYAXIAOSUANYANLAIYUAN,QIERSHIYUDUANCHENGXIAOHUAOULIAN,JIANGDUANCHENGXIAOHUACHANSHENGDEYAXIAOSUANYANHAIYUANZHIDANQISHIXIANDUANCHENGXIAOHUAFANXIAOHUA。XIANJIEDUANDUANCHENGFANXIAOHUADEZHUYAOJISHUWENTIBAOKUO:RUHEZHANGQIWENDINGGAOXIAODISHIXIANFANXIAOHUAGUOCHENGDEZHENDUIXINGKONGZHI,YIJIRUHEJIANGDIFANXIAOHUAGUOCHENGZHONGYIYANGHUAERDANDENGWENSHIQITIDEPAIFANGLIANG。

04

总结与展望

  (1) WUSHUISHENGHUACHULIDEHEXINSHIWEISHENGWU,YIXIANJISHURENYUANDUIGONGYICANSHUYUHUANJINGTIAOJIANDEDIAOSHIYINGZAIKAOLVCHENGBENDEQIANTIXIAJINLIANGSHIXIANDUITEDINGWEISHENGWUDEZHENDUIFUJI,WEITEDINGWEISHENGWUDESHENGZHANGDAIXIETIGONGLIANGHAOTIAOJIANSHIGUANJIAN。

  (2) CHUANTONGSHENGWUTUODANLILUNYUXINXINGSHENGWUTUODANLILUNDEFAZHANJIANLIZAITEDINGWEISHENGWUDETEDINGGONGNENGZHEIYIJICHUSHANG。ZHENDUIBUTONGLEIXINGWUSHUI,BUTONGDETUODANLILUNYUGONGYIKENENGCUNZAIZISHENYOUSHIYUXIANZHI,WUFAJINXINGJUEDUIHUADEYIGAIERLUN。

  (3) SHENGWUTUODANLILUNDETANTAOYUGONGCHENGSHIJIBINGBUMAODUN,CHONGFENLEJIESHENGWUTUODANGUOCHENGJIQIGONGNENGXIJUNDETEDIANKEYIGENGKEXUEGAOXIAODIZHIDAOWOMENDEYUNXINGYUDIAOSHIGONGZUO,TONGSHIXIANCHANGGONGZUOZHONGDEDIYISHOUZILIAOZEWEILILUNFENXITIGONGYIJU。

  (4) JINGUANXINXINGSHENGWUTUODANLILUNDEFAZHANDADUORENGCHUYUXIAOSHIYUZHONGSHIGUIMO,QIZAISHIJIGUIMOYUHUANJINGTIAOJIANXIADEKUODAYUYINGYONGSHANGXUJIEJUEDALIANGJISHUXIJIEYUSHIJIANXIANZHI,ZHEIXIELILUNZAIWEILAIWUSHUICHULIGUOCHENGZHONGDEBAOGUIJIAZHIBURONGHUSHI。


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